2020 Technical Papers

Download the 2020 All Virtual AMOS Program

21st Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies (AMOS) Conference Day 2: Opening Keynote, 17 September 2020
Quentin Verspieren, Researcher, Science, Technology, and Innovation Governance (STIG) Program Graduate School of Public Policy, The University of Tokyo
Keywords: Space Traffic Management, Space Law, Space Policy, Norms of Behaviour
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Space Command and Control Program – Kobayashi Maru
Jennifer Krolikowski, SMC/SY; Stevie Medeiros, SMC/SYF; Edward Jones, ESXC ; Vincent Kong, The Aerospace Corporation; John Silvas, Booz Allen Hamilton; Juan Carlos Echeverry, SMC/ECXC (SETA – Tech7)
Keywords: Space BMC2, Kobayashi Maru, #ToBoldlyCode, #Kobayashimaru, #makeitso, Space Domain Awareness, Coalition and Theatre Support
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Update on ESA’s Space Safety Programme and its Cornerstone on Collision Avoidance
Tim Flohrer, ESA Space Debris Office; Klaus Merz; Holger Krag, ESA; Jan Siminski, ESA Space Debris; Holger Krag, ESA Space Safety Programme
Keywords: Automation of Collision Avoidance, STM, SSA, Space Traffic Management, Space Safety
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Earthfence, a GEO Capable Deep Space Radar
Brendan Quine, Thoth Technology, Inc.; Lauchie Scott, Defence R&D Canada; Caroline Roberts, THOTH Technology, Inc.
Keywords: Space Situational Awareness, Geostationary Spacecraft, Pulse Compression Radar
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Establishing an Independent Data Quality Analysis Framework for UDL Published Datasets
Alex Gonring, The Aerospace Corporation; Jeffrey Won, The Aerospace Corporation; Derek Chen, The Aerospace Corporation; Mark Mendiola, The Aerospace Corporation; Jaime Cruz, The Aerospace Corporation; Scott Bergonzi, The Aerospace Corporation; Ann Chervenak, The Aerospace Corporation; Vincent Kong, The Aerospace Corporation
Keywords: Commercial space, orbit propagation, orbit determination, covariance propagation, UDL, space domain awareness
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Developing a Comprehensive Application for Satellite Anomaly Analysis and Attribution
Janet Green, Space Hazards Applications, LLC; Rick Quin, AER; Paul O’Brien, The Aerospace Corporation; Justin Likar, Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory; Yuri Shprits, GFZ Potsdam; Stuart Huston, Space Hazards Applications, LLC; Alex Boyd, The Aerospace Corporation; Seth Claudpierre, UCLA; S. Huston, Space Hazards Applications, LLC; P. Whelan, Space Hazards Applications, LLC; N. Reker, AER
Keywords: space weather, space radiation, satellite anomalies
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Sprint Advanced Concept Training (SACT): A Renaissance in Collaborative International Space Operations
Joseph Gerber, Centauri Corporation; Yann Picard, Safran Data Systems; Melrose Brown, UNSW Canberra Space; Jason Held, Saber Astronautics; Frederic Pelletier, NorthStar Earth & Space; Tim Fuller, Seradata Limited
Keywords: SACT, Space Traffic Management, STM, Space Situational Awareness, SSA, International Collaboration, Surveillance Networks, Commercial
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Real-time Multi-target Detection & Tracking of Space Objects using FiSSt Methods
Shez Virani, University of Colorado Boulder; Marcus Holzinger, University of Colorado Boulder
Keywords: Multi-Target, Track-before-detect, LMB, Multi-Bernoulli, Matched Filtering
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PHANTOM ECHOES: A Five-Eyes SDA Experiment to Examine GEO Rendezvous and Proximity
Simon George, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory; Andrew Ash, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory; Travis Bessell, Defence Science and Technology Group; James Frith, AFRL/RVSW; Lauchie Scott, Defence R&D Canada; Jovan Skuljan, Defence Technology Agency; Roberto Furfaro, University of Arizona; Vishnu Reddy, University of Arizona
Keywords: SSA/SDA, astrodynamics, experimentation, observation campaign, GEO rendezvous, tracking, electric propulsion, RPO, orbit determination
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The Contributions of Commercial Best Practices to the Global Space Governance Continuum
Daniel Oltrogge, Analytical Graphics, Inc.
Keywords: Space Safety Coalition, commercial best practices, long-term sustainability, LTS
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Dempster-Schafer Inspired Association Framework and Tracking Metric for Space Objects
Timothy S. Murphy, L3Harris Technologies; Waqar Zaidi, L3Harris
Keywords: Dempster-Shafer, JPDA, Estimation, SSA, Data Association
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Australia’s Emerging Space Policy – Defense Burden Sharing in Orbit and Space Situational Awareness
Malcolm Davis, The Australian Strategic Policy Institute
Keywords: Australia, SSA, STM, Space Situational Awareness, Space Traffic Management, Defence, National Security, Space 2.0, Policy, Space Law, Regulatory, Defense, National Security, Commercial Space
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International Perspectives on Space Weapons
Todd Harrison, Center for Strategic and International Studies
Keywords: Space Policy, Space Weaponization, Insurance, SSA, STM, Space Law
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Telescope Tasking for Maneuver Detection and Custody Maintenance using Evidential Reasoning and Reachability Theory
Daniel Aguilar Marsillach, University of Colorado Boulder; Marcus Holzinger, University of Colorado Boulder
Keywords: Autonomy, Raven-class Telescope Tasking, Evidential Reasoning, Custody Maintenance, Maneuver Detection
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WRC-19: New Space Law Enabling the Sustainability of LEO
Audrey Allison, Boeing
Keywords: LEO, radio frequency spectrum, treaty, mega-LEO, ITU, Radio Regulations, United Nations
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Robust Initial Orbit Determination Using Streaks and Admissible Regions
2020 AMOS Conference Student Award Winner
Sam Wishnek, University of Colorado Boulder; Marcus Holzinger, University of Colorado Boulder; Patrick Handley, Ball Aerospace
Keywords: IOD, Initial Orbit Determination, Prescribed Orbits, Particle Swarm
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Tracking Maneuvering Targets with Multi-Fidelity Interacting Multiple Model Filters
Enrico Zucchelli, University of Texas at Austin; Zachary McLaughlin, University of Texas at Austin; Brandon Jones, University of Texas at Austin
Keywords: Multi-Fidelity, Interacting Multiple Model Filters, Maneuvering Targets
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Performance Metrics for Fourier Drag Models in Low Earth Orbit Determination and Prediction
Vishal Ray, University of Colorado Boulder; Daniel Scheeres, University of Colorado Boulder
Keywords: Performance metric, Fourier model, drag-coefficient, observability, orbit determination, prediction
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Satellite Maneuver Detection with Optical Survey Observations
Alejandro Pastor, GMV; Guillermo Escribano-Blázquez, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid; Diego Escobar, GMV
Keywords: maneuver detection, track association, track correlation, multi hypothesis tracking, cataloguing, optical data
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Passive RF in Support of Closely Spaced Objects Scenarios
Kameron Simon, Kratos
Keywords: passive RF, orbit determination, ephemeris
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Scaling Orbit Propagation Analysis Capabilities with Cloud Computing, Data Analytics and the Unified Data Library
Derek Chen, The Aerospace Corporation; Chang Zhang, The Aerospace Corporation; Mark Mendiola, The Aerospace Corporation; Ann Chervenak, The Aerospace Corporation; Alex Gonring, The Aerospace Corporation; Jeffrey Won, The Aerospace Corporation; Scott Bergonzi, The Aerospace Corporation; Vincent Kong, The Aerospace Corporation; Eltefaat Shokri, The Aerospace Corporation
Keywords: orbit analysis, orbit propagation, cloud computing, data analytics platform, space domain awareness
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Cislunar Periodic Orbit Families and Expected Observational Features
Channing Chow, Cloudstone Innovations LLC; Charles J. “Jack” Wetterer, Pacific Defense Solutions, A Centauri Company; Keric Hill, Pacific Defense Solutions, A Centauri Company; Claire Gilbert, Pacific Defense Solutions, A Centauri Company; David Buehler, AFRL Space Vehicles Directorate; James Frith, AFRL/RVSW;
Keywords: cislunar, periodic orbit, space domain awareness, observation, CHPS
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Exploiting Spatial Information in Raw Spectroscopic Imagery using Convolutional Neural Networks
Zach Gazak, AFRL; Justin Fletcher, SMC/DirSP-G; Ryan Swindle, AFRL; Ian McQuaid, United States Air Force
Keywords: space situational awareness, deep learning, deep convolutional neural networks, computer vision, closely spaced objects
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Machine Learning Implementation for In-Orbit RSO Orbit Estimation Using Star Tracker Cameras
Siddharth Dave, York University; Ryan Clark, York University; Gabriel Chianelli, York University; Regina Lee, York University
Keywords: Machine learning; star tracker camera; space situational awareness; resident space object; image processing
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On-board, Autonomous, Hybrid Spacecraft Subsystem Fault and Anomaly Detection, Diagnosis, and Recovery
Richard Stottler, Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.; Sowmya Ramachandran, Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.; Christian Belardi, Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.; Rocky Mandayam, Stottler Henke Associates, Inc.
Keywords: Fault Detection Isolation and Recovery (FDIR), Machine Learning, Model-Based Reasoning, Hybrid
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Star-Galaxy Separation via Gaussian Processes with Model Reduction
Imene Goumiri, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Amanda Muyskens, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL); Michael Schneider, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Benjamin Priest, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory; Robert Armstrong, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory
Keywords: Stag-Galaxy, Gaussian Processes, Model Reduction, Machine Learning, Classification
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Game Theoretic Synthetic Data Generation for Machine Learning Based Satellite Behavior Detection
Dan Shen, Intelligent Fusion Technology, Inc; Carolyn Sheaff, Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); Genshe Chen, Intelligent Fusion Technology, Inc; Mengqing Guo, Intelligent Fusion Technology, Inc; Nichole Sullivan, Intelligent Fusion Technology, Inc.; Erik Blasch, Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); Khanh Pham, Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)
Keywords: Space situational awareness, GANs, ResNet, satellite characterization, sensor models, machine learning, general-sum games, 3D-CNN
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Satellite Characterization via Restoration-Free Imaging: A Novel Machine Learning Paradigm for SSA
Ryan Walden, Georgia State University; Taslim Dosumnu, Georgia State University; Stuart Jefferies, Georgia State University; Daniel Pimentel-Alarcon, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Keywords: SSA, image reconstruction, deep learning, satellite, classification, CNN, transfer learning, convolutional, neural networks
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Real Time Deconvolution of Adaptive Optics Ground Based Telescope Imagery
Toby Sanders, Lickenbrock Technologies, Inc.; Robert Hedges, Lickenbrock Technologies, Inc.; Timothy Schulz, Michigan Technological University; Melena Abijaoude, Lickenbrock Technologies, Inc.; John Peters, Lickenbrock Technologies, Inc.; Michael Steinbock, AFRL/RDSS; Timothy Holmes, Lickenbrock Technologies, Inc.
Keywords: Blind Deconvolution, Adaptive Optics
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Spatially Separable Blind Deconvolution of Long Exposure Astronomical Imagery
Justin Lee, Air Force Institute of Technology; Stephen Cain, Air Force Institute of Technology
Keywords: blind deconvolution,long-exposure,separable, separability, atmosphere, turbulence, algorithm
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Ultra-Broadband, High-Contrast, High-Resolution Speckle Imaging
Ryan Hall, Georgia State University; Stuart Jefferies, Georgia State University
Keywords: high-contrast, high-resolution, speckle imaging, space situational awareness, wavefront sensing, imaging shack-hartmann, multi-aperture phase retrieval
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LEO Satellite Imaging with Adaptive Optics and Marginalized Blind Deconvolution
Cyril Petit, Onera; Laurent Mugnier, ONERA; Aurélie Bonnefois, Onera; Jean-Marc Conan, ONERA; Thierry Fusco, Onera; Nicolas Levraud, Onera; Serge Meimon, Onera; Vincent Michau, ONERA; Joseph Montri, Onera; Nicolas Vedrenne, Onera; Marie-Thérèse Velluet, Onera; Romain Fétick, LAM
Keywords: adaptive optics, leo satellite imaging, marginalized blind deconvolution
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Quality-Weighted Iterative Deconvolution (QWID)
Michael Werth, The Boeing Company; Trent Kyono, The Boeing Company; Jacob Lucas, The Boeing Company; Justin Fletcher, SMC/DirSP-G; Ian McQuaid, Air Force Maui Optics and Supercomputing Site; Michael Brannon, Air Force Research Laboratory
Keywords: QWID, MFBD, LUCID, atmospheric physics, imaging, imaging through turbulence, deep learning
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Characterization of Resident Space Object States Using Functional Data Analysis
Thomas Kelecy, L3 Harris; Emily Lambert, L3 Harris; Sufyaan Akram, Applied Space Solutions; John Paffett, Applied Space Solutions
Keywords: Characterization; active; passive; dormant, non-resolved
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Radar and Optical Study of Defunct GEO Satellites
Conor Benson, University of Colorado Boulder; Charles Naudet, Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Daniel Scheeres, University of Colorado Boulder; Joseph Jao, Jet Propulsion Laboratory; Lawrence Snedeker, Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex; William Ryan, New Mexico Tech/MRO; Eileen Ryan, New Mexico Tech/MRO; Marc Silva, Goldstone Deep Space Communication Complex; Jeffrey Lagrange, Goldstone Deep Space Communication Complex
Keywords: radar, light curves, GEO debris, spin states, YORP effect
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Multicolor and Spectral Characterization of Space Objects in the Near-IR
Eric Pearce, University of Arizona Steward Observatory; Harrison Krantz, University of Arizona Steward Observatory; Adam Block, University of Arizona Steward Observatory; Brad Sease, Computational Physics, Inc; Mitchell Kirshner, University of Arizona System and Industrial Engineering; Kris Rockowitz, University of Arizona Steward Observatory
Keywords: near-IR, visible, orbital debris, characterization, SL-12 RB, UKIRT, MMT, WFCAM, UIST
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Hyperspectral Unmixing for Remote Sensing of Unresolved Objects
Miguel Velez-Reyes, The University of Texas at El Paso; Jiarui Yi, The University of Texas at El Paso
Keywords: hyperspectral remote sensing, unresolved objects, unmixing
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Calculating Photometric Uncertainty
Philip Castro, Applied Optimization Inc.; Tamara Payne, Applied Optimization Inc.; Victoria Frey, Applied Optimization; Kimberly Kinateder, Applied Optimization; Trenton Godar, NASIC/GSMS
Keywords: Photometry, Calibration, Space Situational Awareness (SSA), Space Domain Awareness (SDA)
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An Application of the Unscented Kalman Filter for Spacecraft Attitude Estimation on Real and Stimulated Light Curve Data
Kent Rush, California Polytechnic at San Luis Obispo; Morgan Yost, Lockheed Martin; Liam Smith, Lockheed Martin Space; Andrew Zizzi, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center
Keywords: Kalman, Filter, Lightcurve, Light, Curve, Unresolved, Spin, Axis, Convex, Concave, Ray, Tracing, PHONG, BDRF, BRDF, Unscented
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Impact of Aerosols on Skylight Radiances
Jeannette van den Bosch, Air Force Research Laboratory; Earl Spillar, AFRL/RDS
Keywords: SDA, modeling skylight radiance, MODTRAN, Starfire Optical Range, Izana
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Improved Physics-Based Simulation of the LEO Space Environment
Eric Sutton, University of Colorado / SWx TREC; Marcin Pilinski, University of Colorado at Boulder / Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics; Shaylah Mutschler, University of Colorado Boulder; Jeffrey Thayer, University of Colorado; Thomas Berger, University of Colorado / Space Weather Technology, Research, and Education Center (SWx TREC); Vu Nguyen, Spire Global, Inc.; Dallas Masters, Spire Global, Inc.
Keywords: Thermosphere models, Satellite drag, Space Weather, Physics-based, STM
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Satellite Impacts of Solar Energetic Particles and Galactic Cosmic Rays
Christina Cohen, Caltech
Keywords: Solar energetic particles, radiation hazards, galactic cosmic rays, satellite situational awareness
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Earth’s Radiation Belts: The Hazards to Satellites and What Can Be Done to Mitigate Risks?
Geoffrey Reeves, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Gian Luca Delzanno, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Quinn Marksteiner, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Keywords: Radiation Belts, Space Weather, Extreme Environments, Satellite Risk, High Altitude Nuclear Explosions, Remediation
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Why You Should Care About the Thermosphere and Space Weather
Aaron Ridley, University of Michigan; Charles Bussy-Virat, University of Michigan; Daniel Brandt, University of Michigan
Keywords: Thermosphere, Atmosphere, Collision Avoidance, Conjunction Analysis
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Earth’s Ionosphere and its Impact on Global Navigation Satellite Systems
Susan Skone, University of Calgary; M. Najmafshar, University of Calgary
Keywords: Global Navigation Satellite Systems, ionosphere, space weather
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Developments in High Spatial Resolution Imaging of Faint, Complex Objects at Lowell Observatory
Gerard van Belle, Lowell Observatory
Keywords: Speckle Interferometry, Long-Baseline Optical Interferometry, Astronomy
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Quantifying Speckle Noise in Shack-Hartmann Wavefront Sensing
Gregory Allan, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Lulu Liu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Lincoln Laboratory; Kerri Cahoy, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Keywords: speckle, shack, hartmann, laser, deorbit
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An Automated Indications and Warning System for Enhanced Space Domain Awareness
Navraj Singh, Numerica Corporation; Holly Borowski, Numerica Corporation; Jacob Brannum, Numerica Coorporation; Alex Ferris, Numerica Corporation; Joshua Horwood, Numerica Corporation; Jeff Aristoff, Numerica Corporation
Keywords: Space Situational Awareness, Space Domain Awareness, Indications and Warning, Small Autonomous Telescope Systems, Sensor Tasking and Scheduling
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Quick Radar / Optical Super Observation for Deep Space
Josh Minneti, MITRE; Andy Laffely, MITRE; Nathan Stallworth, MITRE; Rich Ghrist, MITRE; Edward Fernadez, MITRE; Justin Wilmes, MITRE
Keywords: Space Situational Awareness, Radar, Observation, Data Fusion
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Optimizing Daylight Performance of Small Visible-NIR Optical Systems
Peter Zimmer, J.T. McGraw and Associates, LLC (JTMA); John McGraw, J. T. McGraw and Associates; Mark Ackermann, J.T. McGraw and Associates, LLC
Keywords: SSA, daylight, optical, telescope, LEO, NIR
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Measurement Precision and Orbit Tracking Performance of the Kiwi Space Radar
Matthew Stevenson, LeoLabs; Michael Nicolls, LeoLabs; Inkwan Park, LeoLabs; Chris Rosner, LeoLabs Inc.;
Keywords: radar, LEO, RCS, orbit tracking, SSA, debris
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Optical Characterization of DebriSat Fragments in Support of Orbital Debris Environmental Models
Heather Cowardin, NASA; John Hostetler, JACOBS; James Murray, JACOBS; Jacqueline Reyes, The University of Texas at El Paso; Corbin Cruz, Jacobs
Keywords: laboratory, orbital debris, optical measurements, ORDEM
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Large Constellations of LEO Satellites and Astronomy
Patrick Seitzer, University of Michigan, Dept of Astronomy
Keywords: astronomy, orbital debris, LEO, constellations, debris
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Contribution from SSA Data to the Definition of a Space Sustainability Rating
Francesca Letizia, European Space Agency; Stijn Lemmens, ESA/ESOC Space Debris Office; Danielle Wood, Space Enabled Research Group, MIT Media Lab; Minoo Rathnasabapathy, Space Enabled Research Group at the MIT Media Lab; Miles Lifson, MIT Media Lab- Space Enabled Research Group; Riley Stiendl, Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Moriba Jah, University of Texas at Austin; Nikolai Khlystov, World Economic Forum; Maksim Soshkin, World Economic Forum; Simon Potter, Bryce Space and Technology
Keywords: space debris, space sustainability
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The US Air Force Compliance with the Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices
Quentin Verspieren, The University of Tokyo
Keywords: Orbital Debris Mitigation Standard Practices; Compliance; US Air Force
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Can International Law Provide a Basis for Actively Removing Space Debris?
Scott Steele, The Open University
Keywords: Space Debris, International Law, Environmental Law, Maritime Law, State Responsibility, Removing Debris, Space Law, Mutual Cooperation, International Relations, Consent or no Consent
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MicroSat Laser Communication Terminals and IR Imaging Payloads for Space-Based Applications
David Robie, General Atomics Electromagnetic Systems; Aaron Freeman, General Atomics Electromagnetics; Robert Peterkin, General Atomics;
Keywords: Free-space lasercomm, IR imaging, BMC3, CubeSats, MicroSats, SSA
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Space-Object Identification Satellite (SOISat) Mission
Houman Hakima, Space Strategies Consulting Ltd; Barry Stoute, Space Strategies Consulting Ltd; Marc Fricker, Space Strategies Consulting Ltd; Jerami Williams, Space Strategies Consulting Ltd; Peter Boone, Space Strategies Consluting Ltd; Maria Rey, Space Stratetegies Consulting Ltd; Andre Dupuis, Space Strategies Consulting Ltd; Simon Turbide, INO; Louis Desbiens, INO; Linda Marchese, INO; Patrice Topart, INO; Alain Bergeron, INO
Keywords: Space Object Identification, Space Situational Awareness, synthetic aperture LADAR, optoelectronics processor, formation flying
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SSA Experiments for the Australian M2 Formation Flying CubeSat Mission
Melrose Brown, UNSW Canberra Space; Brenton Smith, UNSW Canberra Space; Christopher Capon, UNSW Canberra Space; Rasit Abay, UNSW Canberra; Manuel Cegarra Polo, UNSW Canberra; Steve Gehly, UNSW Canberra; George Bowden, UNSW Canberra Space; Courtney Bright, UNSW Canberra; Andrew Lambert, UNSW Canberra; Russell Boyce, UNSW Canberra
Keywords: SSA, formation flying, photometry, LEO, generative adversarial neural networks, light curve inversion
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An Evaluation of Observing Constellation Orbit Stability, Low Signal-to-Noise, and the Too-Short-Arc Challenges in the Cislunar Domain
Mark Bolden, Trusted Space, Inc.; Tim Craychee, Trusted Space, Inc.; Erin Griggs, Trusted Space, Inc.
Keywords: Cislunar, Space Situational Awareness (SSA)/Space Domain Awareness (SDA), Space Traffic Management (STM), Astrodynamics, Modeling. Instrumentation, Sensors and Systems, Optical Systems, Space-Based Assets
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Maneuver Detection for Cislunar Vehicles using Optical Measurements
2020 AMOS Conference Best Paper Award Winner
Jesse Greaves, University of Colorado Boulder; Daniel Scheeres, University of Colorado Boulder
Keywords: cislunar, ssa, optical, maneuver, perturbation, event, detection, identification, characterization, estimation, labeling, OCBE, EM
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Simulated Photometry of Objects in Cislunar Orbits
Phan Dao, AFRL; Kristen Haynes, Applied Optimization Inc.; Victoria Frey, Applied Optimization; Cory Hufford, Applied Optimization; Kyle Schindler, Applied Optimization; Tamara Payne, Applied Optimization Inc.; Jeff Hollon, Applied Optimization
Keywords: cislunar, simulation, photometry, Space Domain Awareness (SDA), General Mission Analysis Tool (GMAT), Satellite Visualization and Signature Tool (SVST)
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Payload and Constellation Design for a Solar Exclusion-Avoiding Cislunar SSA Fleet
Phillip Cunio, ExoAnalytic Solutions; Marcus Bever, ExoAnalytic Solutions; Brien Flewelling, ExoAnalytic Solutions
Keywords: Cislunar, spaceborne SSA, optical payloads
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Convolutional Neural Networks for Inference of Space Object Attitude Status
Gregory Badura, Georgia Tech Research Institute; Brian Gunter, Georgia Institute of Technology; Christopher Valenta, Georgia Tech
Keywords: machine learning, satellite attitude, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF), light curves
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A Sensor-Rich Solution for Lunar/Cislunar Space Domain Awareness
Brian Banks, Leidos; Robert Smith II, Leidos; Ronald Wagner, Leidos; Victor Aguero, SRI International; Scott Williams, SRI International; Matthew Duncan, SpaceNav; Stijn De Smet, SpaceNav; Marc Balducci, SpaceNav
Keywords: Cislunar SSA, Astrodynamics, Imaging, Sensors, Optical Systems, Wide Field of View Optical Systems, Space-based Assets, Space Domain Awareness, Space Situation Awareness, Lunar Exploration, Lunar Mapping, Lunar Lander, Ground Penetrating Radar
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Surface Modification of Space Materials Induced by Low Energetic Particle Irradiation
Denise Beisecker, DLR Institute of Technical Physics; Frederic Seiz, German Aerospace Center, DLR; Nils Bartels, German Aerospace Center, DLR; Wolfgang Riede, German Aerospace Center, DLR; Maciej Sznajder, German Aerospace Center, DLR; Tom Sprowitz, German Aerospace Center, DLR; Thomas Renger, German Aerospace Center, DLR
Keywords: Space Debris, Space Aging, Charged Particle Radiation, Space Debris Characterization, Complex Irradiation Facility, Surface Degradation, Optical Property Degradation
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Supplementing a survey of geosynchronous debris with commercial-off-the-shelf equipment
James Blake, University of Warwick; Paul Chote, University of Warwick; Don Pollacco, University of Warwick; Demitri Veras, University of Warwick; Andrew Ash, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory; William Feline, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory; Grant Privett, Defence Science and Technology Laboratory; Laura Pirovano, University of Surrey
Keywords: Orbital Debris, GEO Survey, GEO Detection, Light Curves, Small and Large Sensors
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Evaluating CONOPS for GEO Spacecraft Identification and Custody from Non-SSA Architectures in LEO
Kevin Brannick, Raytheon Intelligence and Space; Scott Reed, Raytheon Intelligence and Space; Karen Galang, Raytheon Intelligence and Space
Keywords: Space Development Agency, space domain awareness, SDA, National Defense Space Architecture, NDSA, concept of operations, CONOPS, space situational awareness, SSA, resident space object, RSO, Space Surveillance Network, SSN, Tracking Layer, custody
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COOP: A webserver for conjunction management for large satelite constellations using dynamic Voronoi diagram
Jehyun Cha, Hanyang University; Joonghyun Ryu, Hanyang University; Chanyoung Song, Hanyang University; Misoon Mah, Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR); Roberto Furfaro, University of Arizona; Deok-Soo Kim, Hanyang University
Keywords: Conjunction prediction, Optimal maneuver, Constellation, Starlink, Webserver, Dynamic Voronoi diagram, Spatial reasoning, Moving objects
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Performance of Parameterization Algorithms for Resident Space Object (RSO) Attitude Estimates
Ryan Clark, York University; Siddharth Dave, York University; Regina Lee, York University
Keywords: Space Situational Awareness, Resident Space Object, Star Trackers, Parameter Optimization
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The Sensor Management Prisoner’s Dilemma: A Deep Reinforcement Learning Approach
Weston Faber, L3Harris
Keywords: Deep Reinforcement Learning, Game Theory, Sensor Tasking, Sensor Network Management
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Optimality and Application of Tree Search Methods for POMDP-based Sensor Tasking
Samuel Fedeler, University of Colorado at Boulder; Marcus Holzinger, University of Colorado Boulder; William Whitacre, Draper Laborartory
Keywords: Sensor Tasking, SSA
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An Exploration of Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Needs for Active Debris Removal (ADR) Operators
Jason Forshaw, Astroscale; Mike Lindsay, Astroscale; Charity Weeden, Astroscale; John Auburn, Astroscale; Chris Blackerby, Astroscale
Keywords: ADR, debris, removal, OOS, servicing, SSA, tumbling, characterization
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SILO-G: A Machine Learning Data Generator for Synthetic Ground-Based Observations of LEO Satellites
Nicole Gagnier, The Boeing Company; Trent Kyono, The Boeing Company; Jacob Lucas, The Boeing Company; Michael Werth, The Boeing Company; Justin Fletcher, SMC/DirSP-G; Ian McQuaid, Air Force Maui Optics and Supercomputing Site; Michael Brannon, Air Force Research Laboratory
Keywords: machine learning, data generator, imaging, LEO
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Artificial Intelligence and Autonomy in Space: Balancing Risks and Benefits for Deterrence and Escalation Control
Nancy Hayden, Sandia National Laboratories; Kelsey Abel, Sandia National Laboratories; Marie Arrieta, Sandia National Laboratories; Mallory Stewart, Sandia National Laboratories
Keywords: artificial intelligence, escalation control, space deterrence, space control,
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Cis-Lunar Autonomous Navigation via Implementation of Optical Asteroid Angle-Only Measurements
Mark Hinga, AFRL/RDST
Keywords: Cislunar, Asteroid Angle Only, Autonomous Navigation
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Progress on the ELROI Satellite License Plate
Rebecca Holmes, Los Alamos National Laboratory; David Palmer, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Michael Holloway, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Charles Weaver, Los Alamos National Laboratory; David Hemsing, Los Alamos National Laboratory; Donathan Ortega, Los Alamos National Laboratory
Keywords: elroi, license plate, beacon, space traffic management, identification
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Space-Based Spooky Radar Orbit Determination at the Earth-Moon Lagrange Points
Darin Koblick, Raytheon intelligence and space; Steven Wilkinson, Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems
Keywords: Quantum Radar Performance Assessement
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Ukrainian Optical Sensors for Space Surveillance
Oleksandr Kozhukhov, National Space Facilities Control and Test Center of State Space Agency of Ukraine; Dmytro Kozhukhov, National Space Facilities Control and Test Center of State Space Agency of Ukraine; Volodymyr Prysiazhnyy, National Space Facilities Control and Test Center of State Space Agency of Ukraine; Nikolay Koshkin, Astronomical Observatory of Odessa I.I. Mechnikov National University; Leonid Shakun, Astronomical Observatory of Odessa I.I.Mechnikov National University
Keywords: space debris, optical instruments, optical observations
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Towards Real-Time Image Reconstruction Using Deep Neural Networks
Trent Kyono, The Boeing Company; Jacob Lucas, The Boeing Company; Michael Werth, The Boeing Company; Justin Fletcher, SMC/DirSP-G; Ian McQuaid, Air Force Maui Optics and Supercomputing Site
Keywords: Machine Learning, Deep neural networks, convolutional neural networks
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International Collaboration Framework for Space Domain Awareness
Sarah Law, Raytheon; Jared Stallings, Raytheon Technologies; Steve Thilker, Raytheon Technologies; Christy Cox, Raytheon Technologies; Liam Weston, Raytheon Technologies
Keywords: sda, ssa, international, framework, sovereign, collaboration
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NASA’s Orbital Debris Optical Program: ES-MCAT Reaches Full Operational Capability (FOC)
Sue Lederer, NASA Johnson Space Center Orbital Debris Program Office; Corbin Cruz, Jacobs; Brent Buckalew, NASA Orbital Debris Program Office; Paul Hickson, University of British Columbia; Randall Alliss, Northrop Grumman Corporation
Keywords: orbital debris, optical telescope, modeling, autonomous observing
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Laser Ranging to Space Debris in Poland: Tracking and Orbit Determination
Pawel Lejba, Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences; Tomasz Suchodolski, Polish Space Agency; Piotr Michalek, Space Research Center of the Polish Academy of Sciences
Keywords: laser ranging, space debris, orbit determination, space surveillance and tracking
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Onboard Artificial Intelligence for Space Situational Awareness with Low Power GPUs
Michael Lim, MDA; Payam Mousavi, MDA; Jelena Sirovljevic, MDA; Huiwen You, MDA
Keywords: Space Situational Awareness, High Performance Computing, Onboard Processing, Artificial Intelligence, Low Power GPUs
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Utility of Modular Attitude Determination and Control Subsystems for Small Satellites
Christopher Lomanno, Air Force Institute of Technology; Robert Bettinger, Air Force Institute of Technology; Paul Gindre, École de l’air
Keywords: Attitude control, modular systems, CubeSats
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Estimating Satellite Orientation through Turbulence with Deep Learning
Jacob Lucas, The Boeing Company; Trent Kyono, The Boeing Company; Michael Werth, The Boeing Company; Nicole Gagnier, The Boeing Company; Zackary Endsley, The Boeing Company; Justin Fletcher, SMC/DirSP-G; Ian McQuaid, Air Force Maui Optics and Supercomputing Site
Keywords: Machine Learning, pose estimation
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European Space Agency Space Weather System
Juha-Pekka Luntama, European Space Agency; Alexi Glover, European Space Agency; Melanie Heil, European Space Agency; Stefan Kraft, European Space Agency
Keywords: ESA, space weather,
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Cislunar Periodic Orbit Family Classification from Astrometric and Photometric Observations Using Machine-Learning
Greg Martin, Pacific Defense Solutions – a Centauri Company; Charles J. “Jack” Wetterer, Pacific Defense Solutions, A Centauri Company; Jenna Lau, Pacific Defense Solutions, A Centauri Company; Jeremy Case, Pacific Defense Solutions; Nathan Toner, Pacific Defense Solutions, a Centauri Company; C. Channing Chow, Pacific Defense Solutions, a Centauri Company; Phan Dao, AFRL
Keywords: machine-learning, cislunar, orbit determination
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Derelict Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Data for Free
Darren McKnight, Centauri; Rohit Arora, Centauri; Harrison Shay, Centauri
Keywords: orbital debris, space safety, space situational awareness, risk management
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A Constellation of Sensors Optimized for Maneuver Tracking
Keith Morris, Lockheed Martin; Holly Flinchpaugh, Lockheed Martin; Rachel Urban, Lockheed Martin
Keywords: Space Situational Awareness (SSA), Space Domain Awareness (SDA), Space-based sensors, CubeSat, geosynchronous earth orbit (GEO)
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Calibration and Sensitivity Analysis of a Basic Polarimeter for Manmade Satellite Observation
Marco Pirozzoli, U.S. Air Force Academy; Lucy Zimmerman, U.S. Air Force Academy; Michael Korta, U.S. Air Force Academy, Adrian Scheppe, U.S. Air Force Academy; Michael Plummer, U.S. Air Force Academy; Francis Chun, U.S. Air Force Academy; David Strong, U.S. Air Force Academy
Keywords: Instrumentation (Sensors and Systems), Polarimetry
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Understanding the Oscillating Pattern in the Rotational Period Evolution of Several GLONASS Satellites
Abdul Rachman, Astronomical Institute University of Bern; Alessandro Vananti, Astronomische Institut Universitär Bern; Thomas Schildknecht, Astronomisches Institut Universität Bern
Keywords: rotational period evolution, decommissioned glonass satellites, simulation
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Blockchain Enabled Space Traffic Awareness (BESTA): Automated Comparison of SSA to Agreed Behavior for Discovery of Anomalous Behavior
Harvey Reed, MITRE; Nathaniel Dailey, The MITRE Corporation & JHU School of Advanced International Studies; Bob Carden, MITRE; Dave Bryson, The MITRE Corporation
Keywords: Space Situational Awareness (SSA), Space Domain Awareness (SDA), Space Catalog, International Space Reference Architecture (ISRA)
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Orbit Accuracy Analysis of CDM for KOMPSAT Series Satellites
Jaedong Seong, Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI); Okchul Jung, Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI); Daewon Chung, Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI)
Keywords: Space Debris, Conjunction Summary Data, Orbital Accuracy
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Astrometric and Photometric Measurements of GEO Satellites in Proximity Operations Over the Pacific
Jovan Skuljan, Defence Technology Agency
Keywords: GEO satellites, observations, astrometry, photometry, proximity
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Angles-Only Orbit Determination Accuracies with Limited Observational Arc
Kyle Stoker, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo; James Johnson, California Polytechnic State University; Kira Abercromby, Cal Poly San Luis Obispo; Liam Smith, Lockheed Martin Space; Morgan Yost, Lockheed Martin Space; Andrew Zizzi, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Center
Keywords: Orbital Debris, Lockheed Martin, Space Situational Awareness, SSA, LEO, Small Telescope
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Optimal Incorporation of Non-Traditional Sensors into the Space Domain Awareness Architecture
Albert Vasso, Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT); Richard Cobb, Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT); John Colombi, Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT); Bryan Little, Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT); David Meyer, Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT)
Keywords: SDA, SSA, non-traditional, modeling and simulation, system architecting
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Near- Simultaneous Polarization and Spectral Optical Measurements of Geosynchronous Satellites
Lucy Zimmerman, US Air Force Academy; Sequoia Chun, US Air Force Academy; Marco Pirozzoli, United States Air Force; Michael Plummer, USAF Academy; Francis Chun, U.S. Air Force Academy; David Strong, USAFA/DFP;
Keywords: GEO Satellite Characterization, Non-Resolved Object Characterization, Data Fusion, Spectroscopy, Polarimetry
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